Project Profile: PACMEDY

Palaeo-Constraints on Monsoon Evolution and Dynamics


Principal Investigators: Pascale Braconnot, National Center for Scientific Research, France
Partners: Sandy Harrison, University of Reading, United Kingdom
Alexander Tudhope, University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Christopher Brierley, University College London, United Kingdom
Krishnan Raghavan, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, India
Johann Jungclaus, Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Germany
Eduardo Zorita, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Germany
Gerrit Lohmann, Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Germany
Francesco Pausata, Stockholm University, Sweden
Thierry Corrège, Environnements et Paléoenvironnements Océaniques et Continentaux, France
Bruno Turcq, Laboratoire d'Océanographie et du Climat: Expérimentations et Analyses Numériques-IPSL/Pierre et Marie Curie University/IRD/CNRS/MNHN, France
Matthieu Carré, Institute of Evolutionary Sciences, France
Luc Beaufort, European Centre for Research and Teaching in Environmental Geosciences, France -
Mary Elliot, Laboratory of Planetology and Geodynamic, France
Pedro da Silva Dias, University of São Paulo, Brazil
Weiping Zheng, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, China
Sponsors: São Paulo Research Foundation, Brazil
French National Research Agency, France
Federal Ministry for Education and Research, Germany
Ministry of Earth Sciences, India
Formas, Sweden
National Environment Research Council, United Kingdom


Full Project Title: Palaeo-Constraints on Monsoon Evolution and Dynamics
Full Call Title: Climate2015


Project Objective: PACMEDY will provide a quantitative and comprehensive assessment of what aspects of monsoon variability are adequately represented by current models, using environmental modelling to simulate the observations. By linking modelling of past climates and future projections, we will assess the credibility of these projections and the likelihood of extreme events at decadal time scales. The project is organized around four themes: (1) the impact of external forcing and extratropical climates on intertropical convergence and the hydrological cycle in the tropics; (2) characterization of IM variability to determine the extent to which the stochastic component is modulated by external forcing or changes in mean climate; (3) the influence of local (vegetation, dust) and remote factors on the duration, intensity and pattern of the Indian, African and South American monsoons; and (4) the identification of paleo-constraints that can be used to assess the reliability of future monsoon evolution.
Call Objective: This call aims to contribute to the overall challenge of developing climate services with a focus on inter-regional linkages role in climate variability and predictability. Major impediments indeed still exist having efficient climate services at regional and local level, because of little or poorly understood climate processes (in part caused by a paucity of observations), inadequate dissemination of scientific knowledge, conflicts between climatic and non-climatic stressors and lack of action by decision makers and the human society at large.


Regions: Asia, South America
Countries: India


Duration: 46 months
Call Date: April 6, 2015
Project Award Date: 2015